Thursday, August 18, 2011

Refresher Training for the Primary Teachers of SVVPS, Durgapur-11-16th July,2011

Training on Peer visit and analysis

Training on Art & Crafts
In December, 2010 Deep Ranjini Rai, one of the representatives from VIBHA (our funder) came to meet with us and she visited some of our schools. In our meeting, there was an issue on training of the partner organizations. We had completed the all three Phases (Phase-I&II&III) trainings to the staff of the Durgapur Swami Vivekananda Vani Procher Samity (DSVVPS). Now, it had found that some of the teachers of DSVVPS showing excellent innovative performances in their schools. VIBHA and DSVVPS were now thinking to use them as trainers. So it was decided to give them Refresher training cum TOT. The objectives of this training were as follows:  Although they had received all trainings in three phases but a revision was necessary. We had also made some changes in our training syllabus – the new pedagogy's/methodologies would be taught.
 We had found some gaps, misconceptions and ideas during implementation etc. This refresher would help them come out these situations. After the training they would be able to justify – learning ladder, designing curriculum, efficient class room management, new TLM making etc
 Some of them would be able to work as trainers. They would gain the necessary confidence as a trainer.
 Final evaluation and impact study.
On 11th July, 2011, our trainers, Prosanto Mondal, Gopal Mondal, Julkalam Ali and Biswanath Roy went for six days refresher training. After meeting the ten (10) trainee teachers of SVVPS we had found the follow changes in their schools.

School visit

• Lined up during the prayer time
• If Somebody failed to participate in the prayer, stand up outside school and wait to finish prayer and did the prayer from there
• All the students wear clean dresses, cut nails regularly
• They liked to work in a group
• Everybody knew the reason of absence of his friend
• Students expressed good social gestures (good morning, how are you ?etc.) to teachers and others
• Teacher told a story with children before starting a new lesson
• Explained topics with local realities
• Teachers did various puzzle works to avoid monotony
• Teachers used pictures, charts and work cards during their classes
• Teachers used lot of action rhymes and songs
Classroom Managements:
• Sitting arrangements- row basis, circle and half circle
• Answered one by one
• Used various control skills
• Changed of mood through action rhymes, songs, story and drawing
• Teachers developed their works with situation analysis
• Used child to child approach
• Used different TLMs for weak and advance children
• Open ended questions
• Used charts, pictures and drawing in the question
• Used unseen passage in the questions
• Project evaluation
Details of the six days trainings:
New items discussed with the trainees:
a. Stakeholders of Primary Education
b. Minimum Learning Level –Bengali, mathematics and Environmental Science (Subject and class wise),
c. Learning Ladder
d. Friendship programme.
e. Capacity and expectancy
f. Art & Craft -Photo binding, making toys from wastes, origami etc
g. Audio visual show with interactive discussion.
h. Peer review visit and analysis
i. Lesson Plan; time break ups in class period;
Beside these all the subjective topics of Phase-I,II and III were vividly discussed in these six days. Handheld science experiments.They were also given training on participatory evaluation and monitoring.
Hand held science experiments

Reported by,
Prosanto Mondal

Monday, August 8, 2011

Campaign against Plastic in schools:

Campaign agaist plastic -2004

Hand-made dustbin in public places
In 2004, we organized mass awareness campaigns against the use of poly-bags (thin plastic bags) in our project villages. Our KKB members(mostly adolescence boys and girls) organized rallies, posters, wall writings, leaflets on the evil effects of plastic and its long term impact on environment. There was an interactive discussion on ‘EFFECTS OF PLASTIC AND ITS ALTERNATIVES’ held at Kolsur High School. Students and teachers of some other High schools also participated in that programme. At the end of the programme all were agreed to reduce the plastic use in the daily life.

      We also observed that indiscriminate use of plastic also causing barriers in drainage systems; sometimes these were also taking life of the cattle who were consuming massive amount of plastic bags. We installed handmade dustbins in public places so that we can dump the used plastic bags in a confined place. From the year 2005-06, KKB staff started giving regular inputs in High schools and one of our main successes was to motivate students, teachers and school managements to introduce dustbins in the classrooms. Gradually dustbin-use became very popular and most of the schools started to purchase dustbin from their own funds. (at the initial days this was supported by Swanirvar).

Training to Govt Teachers

In 2009-10, we observed that in each month a huge quantity of garbage were being deposited in the dustbins. So we organized trainings on waste segregation and its reuse. Almost all the schools made compost pits and the bio-degradable waste were kept in these chambers to make manures but the problem was with the non-degradable waste (plastic). Our staff, Alamgir Alam found out solutions for plastic reuse. Mr. Alam a born-artist with innovative creativity, made splendid toys from the waste. He gave trainings to the school students on plastic re-use and making toys from these. In, 2010-11 he had given trainings in 20 High schools and also given hand held trainings to the 8 Govt. teachers from 8 High Schools. He had given trainings to the students of Basirhat College. He had also given such trainings to other NGOs of Birbhum, Howrah and Medinipore.
        At present, the students of these 20 High schools were making toys from the plastic and some of them also showing their innovative skills in making toys.
Toys made by the students
Innovative toys

Reported by:
Samir Biswas
KKB, Supervisor
Tel: 9732574947

Saturday, July 30, 2011

Phase-II trainings given to Right track, Kolkata

In Bengali training session
       On 4th July, 2011 Primary Supervisor, Prosanto Mondal and Master Trainer, Gopal Mondal went for a follow up visit to the 4 centres of Right Track ( a Kolkata based NGO). These centres were mainly for the drop out slum children and also for the weaker children who were less interested in the studies.
       Teachers of the centres took Phase-I training from us. That was held on 6th Dec, 2010 and was ended on 10th Dec, 2010. We had seen some remarkable development after being trained. The second phase training was held at Swanirvar on 26-28th July, 2011. 8 teachers from different centres of Right Track participated in that training.
       There were two fold objectives – 1. How to deals with the dropouts and bringing them into main stream.. 2. Dealing with weaker children.
        We tried to make the trainees understand that to bring the dropouts into main stream they might have to bring into a system that would bring integrity in their students mind and life. We taught them a number of games so that they could use these in classroom. It had been seen that games brought joyfulness in learning.
        They were given modules by which children could get an idea on his/her’s surroundings. Through these they would be able to communicate better with the societies. Gradually they would feel inquisitive on study. Another main objective was to deal with the weak students. We gave training on classroom management and identification of advance and weak students, taking special care for weak children and children with disabilities.
In Math session
        In these Phase-II training session they were given also given trainings on Bengali ( Class-III & IV- Total syllabus)- more stress given on story telling , making story from picture, making picture from story and poem etc, use of Audio visual and methodology on teaching grammar, etc. Mathematics (class-III –IV Total syllabus)- more stress – LCM, HCF, fractions etc and learning through TLMs. Science (Class-III –IV) - classifications of living and non livings, flora and fauna, many hand held experiments, maps making etc. Art & Craft- origami, drawings, group drawings, greetings cards making etc.

** To get detailed training module – contact Primary Supervisor, Prosanto – 09732829202 (M)..

Friday, July 29, 2011

Disciplinary Committee in Zakir Hossain High School:

Swanirvar run 14 per-primary and 4 primary schools. We also gave regular imputs to many ICDS, Sishu Siksha Kendra and Govt Primary schools. One of our main activities was to motivate students to form committees in schools with the responsibilities of cleanliness, Drinking water, sport, library, cultural activities etc.
We also gave inputs to 21 High Schools on Environment Science. We persuaded the Headmasters and Head mistress of these institutions about the importance of student committees in Classroom management as well as school management. We motivated the students and now in many schools student’s committee with the responsibilities of cleanliness, cultural, news, sports, environment management and disciplinary had been formed.
Zakir Hossain High School (one of our partner High School) had a major problem in classroom management. Most of the upper class students (class-IX-X) left the school during the Tiffin time on regular basis. They left the school to take the tuition during the school hour. Another problem was the use of cell phone in the classes. Most of the student brought their cell phones and many of them stated ringing during the class time. That made huge distraction and chaos.
At this situation, the Headmaster discussed with the disciplinary committee members. He requested the committee members to intervene and to stop school leaving during the tiffin time; he also requested them to persuade all the students not to use cell phone in school premises.
The disciplinary committee members persuaded the all the students not to leave school without proper reason. They identified the students who leave during the tiffne time and hold a counseling session with them. They also put posters in each class on the prohibition of cell phone use in the school premises. Presently, the unauthorized school leaving had been reduced remarkable and no one was using cell phone in school.
In the follow up meeting, the Headmaster expressed his gratitude to the student committee members also thanked Swanirvar for motivating the students to form such committees.

Reported by:
Samir Biswas
Tel: 9732574947

Sunday, July 10, 2011

A silent change in a under privilege village life

          Swanirvar, a non Government Organization started its journey from 1990. In the initial days, Swanirvar experimented for several years as to how education could be made enjoyable and how to unleash the creative potential of children. Experiments had been carried out to make education relevant to the immediate context of the rural children, encourage them to ask questions and evaluate them in such a way that it helped them to grow rather than feeling small.

In mid 1990, we carried out a survey on the primary and pre-primary children of Chandalati Village under Kolsur Gram Panchayat of Deganga Block. At that time, Chandalati was famous for supplying Arsenic affected patient to the city hospital. 95% of the total population was Muslim and living below the poverty limit. We found that most of the parents were illiterate and had no much interested in education. At that situation, we started a learning centre, ‘PATHABHABAN’ in that village. We had five objectives behind this:

1. To assist the poor and weaker children in their studies.

2. To use local and available materials as teaching – learning materials

3. To make them aware on local history, geography and culture.

4. To encourage the creative activities amongst the children.

5. To bring an environment so that the student got the values of Education (group activity, tolerance, morality etc)

Our PATHABHABAN model became very popular. In 1992, we converted PATHABHABAN into a pre-primary school (for class I-IV). Vikramshila Education Resource Society gave us initial trainings to our teachers. We never gave stress to the regular syllabus, but we gave more stress on learning from the surroundings. From 1996, a new primary department started in that school. The difference of our school is listed below:

Activities in Govt. School:
• Syllabus oriented – classroom based teaching.
• No classroom decoration- no use of chart, poster in the classroom.
• Inadequate use of Teaching Learning Materials( TLMs)
• No sitting plan, use of benches in most of the schools – no group activities
• Teachers don’t encourage – creative activities like singing, dancing, drama, painting etc
• In many schools, special days are being celebrated but these are not planned by the student, they have very minimum role in school programme.
• No library facility.
• No strategy for managing the advance and weaker students and student with physical and mental difficulties.
• Most of the schools do not have sufficient teachers in comparison with student numbers.
• School in-charge (head of the school) are busy with non-academic activities throughout the year.
• Teachers get trainings but the new methods are not introduced due to lack of follow up and motivation by the superiors.
• Parents are not involved in the Education system.

Activities in our School:
• Adequate no of TLMs in the classroom and use of TLMs.
• Group activities.
• Learning local History, Geography and Environment and culture. Map making, survey etc
• Decorated classroom- use of chart poster in the classroom
• Encourage in paintings, dancing, drama and all kind of cultural activities, Sahitya sabha, wall painting, etc.
• Hand held experiments in science classes.
• Separate class room for – English study.
• Children committees for cleanliness, library, drinking water & sanitation, sports, notice board, etc.
• Special days celebrating by the children.
• Involving parents and ex-students by regular meetings and workshops.
• Pen friendship with local and international schools.
• Special class on Art & Craft.
• Annual sports, field trip etc
• Regular writings by the children
• Use of Audio-visual equipments in the classes.
• Workshop with teachers; teachers empowerment trainings
• Regular follow up, cross visit etc child to child approach
• Special attention for the advance and weak children.

From 1996 to till this year, more than 500 students had come out from that village and its surrounding hamlets. In, June 2011 we made a review committee to analyze the impacts of our activities and its effects on the societies. We had found the followings:
1. The students learnt many hand held activities in school, like measurement, survey, seed collection etc. They had found its applications in their life. Most of them are now farmers or doing business. They had found the utility of measurement, survey etc in their life.
2. We had regular cultural activities, Sahitya Sabha in our school. Now some of our students had become famous in High Schools and colleges for their creative writings and singing.
3. There were sessions on drawings, map makings etc in the schools. Our students who are now in high schools, colleges and in Universities had expressed the usefulness in their future studies.
4. We had children committees in our school and these committees had specific roles and responsibilities. Some of our students who are now in active politics and are representing their societies have found its usefulness. Most of our ex-students had claimed that they did not have any toilets in their homes but they had forced their parents to make latrine with help of local Panchayat. They were inspired by the cleaning committee programme.
5. Chandalati was a Muslim dominated village. There was a social prohibition on playing drums and music and dancing, etc. But school had helped them to come out from these barriers. Presently, many of our students who were now in high schools and colleges were regularly performing dance, drama and playing drum etc Some of them were representing their present institutions, too.
6. Our ex-students also told that they were helping the younger brother and sisters in their studies. Some of them also take classes in our schools.
7. One of our main successes was to involve the parents in education system. We gave more stress on local history, Geography and Environment studies. The students got the data from their parents that had made the parents more inquisitive on school education. Many parents came in the parents meetings and also were involved in the workshops. We made such an environment in these meetings and workshops so that a so call illiterate mother also got scope to covey her opinions in the meetings.

Reported by:
Evaluation Team, Swanirvar

Sunday, June 26, 2011

Effect of the Children committee in schools:

Tiffin committee member distributing biscuits & sweets
Swanirvar runs four Primary schools in the following four villages- Chandalati(I-IV), Fatullapur (I-IV), Andharmanik(I-IV) and Matia (I-II) . There are more than 450 students in these four schools. We have at least 8 types of children committees in our schools. These students committees with responsibility for 1) cleanliness, 2) sports, 3) water, 4) library, 5) notice, 6) Sahitya Sabha , 7) mid day meal , 8) seed bank etc. The evaluation committee (also a kind of children committee) looks after the activities of all the committees. In the monthly assessment meeting (hold on last Saturday of each month) the president and the secretary of evaluation committee sit down together with the secretaries and assistant secretaries of all the committees to discuss the works done by every committee. The other students of all classes present there. Secretaries of all the committees read out the observations and monthly assessment report made by the committee. They point out various information, success, failure and opinion based on their learning. The students of other committee do not always agree with the secretaries. So sometime they are in debate among themselves and many suggestions and different opinions come out. The secretary of evaluation committee takes notes and later resolutions are being taken. A sense of co-operation, leadership, decision making skill, judgment skill, democracy and reporting skill develop among students are being seen. We have been able to introduce such children’s committees in 19 govt. primary schools (14 Primary and 5 SSK centre).

        The effects of these committees on students are being seen. Many of our children are now studying in High schools and they are doing many remarkable works beside their regular study. They are not only showing their group activities in schools but also in their localities. Some of them have became natural leaders in their societies. Here are some examples…
        Safiul Hassan an ex –student of Chandalati Swanirvar Primary school. At present he is in class-V at Mandra High School. Now he has given the responsibilities to control and manages daily prayer of all students.
Library committee in book distribution
        Rittika Biswas, ex student of Magurkhali and now studying in class IX at Rudrapur Radha Ballav High School. She had an active role in the children committee. She found that all the washrooms of her present school are dirty and not being cleaned regularly. She persuaded some of her classmates to form a cleaning committee. After that, they met their principal and asked for some detergents and some utensils also requested him to introduce dustbin for each room. The principal immediately accepted them and had purchased dustbins for the entire schools.

Reported by,
Prosanto Mondal
Mob: +91 9732829202

Friday, June 24, 2011

SWANIRVAR IN EDUCATION: Dedicated English Class room in our Primary school...

SWANIRVAR IN EDUCATION: Dedicated English Class room in our Primary school...: "From 2005, Margarate Flanagan, a retired British school teacher was working with us. Her main role was to improve English teaching in our pr..."

Dedicated English Class room in our Primary schools:

From 2005, Margarate Flanagan, a retired British school teacher was working with us. Her main role was to improve English teaching in our primary schools as well as with our network Govt. Primary schools. She and our teachers had done many experiments in these schools on improvement of pedagogy on English teaching. We had developed TLM based teachings, used more pictures, chart posters and also audio visual study materials.

Based on these experiences and learning, 6 small booklets had been published. These booklets have been found most effective and now are being used in our schools and also in some other NGO schools and Govt. primary schools. Swanirvar teachers and 10 local Govt primary teachers were engaged with Margarate in this educational research project.
In 2010, we felt the need of a separate English class room in schools. This was experimentally started in our 3 primary schools. The object of this was as follows:
1. Display of pictures drawing by the children in the Art & craft class
2. Display of Work Cards made by Teachers in big letters, Class-I-IV
3. Pictures chart hanging on the wall-Fruits chart, Animals chart, Birds chart, Flowers Chart, Vegetables Chart, Number Chart, colour chart, Human body chart, etc
4. Display of first letter of a word with various items made from this letter.
5. Different pictures drawn by children and paste on the wall
6. TV,VCD, Box for audio-visual program
7. Numerous numbers of TLMs for class I-IV and worksheet, so that any student can work at any time.

On Children:
1. An environment has been developed in that room. The colourful decoration has attracted the children. English learning is now joyful learning.
2. Self learning: student are now coming by their own wishes, playing and learning with use of TLMs
3. This has been found more effective for the weak and medium children. They are spending more times in this room. Colouring the cards, doing hand on activities and gradually getting out from the phobia of English as a foreign language.
4. As the students of I-IV are coming in that room for learning and they are spending times with learning materials. Students also developing new ideas and prospective.

On Teacher:
Our teacher, Shyama in Magurkhali School
1. Here teacher is just a facilitator. More group activities.
2. He has many choices with huge TLMs and other study materials.
3. Continuously getting new ideas and more interactions with students.
4. Better Class room management.

Reported by:
Gopal & Prosanto

Friday, May 27, 2011

SWANIRVAR IN EDUCATION: Impacts of ‘Sahitya Sabha’ in Swanirvar Primary Sc...

SWANIRVAR IN EDUCATION: Impacts of ‘Sahitya Sabha’ in Swanirvar Primary Sc...: "BACKGROUND In 2000, 13 teachers and supervisor of Swanirvar's three primary schools visited Santiniketan on an exposure trip orga..."

Impacts of ‘Sahitya Sabha’ in Swanirvar Primary Schools:

           In 2000, 13 teachers and supervisor of Swanirvar's three primary schools visited Santiniketan on an exposure trip organized by Bratin Chatterjee of Patha Bhavan there. During this trip the teachers witnessed a Sahitya Sabha - a cultural evening organized and conducted by the students where they do all kinds of performances mostly based on their own compositions. Swanirvar teachers were very impressed and after coming back they started a similar thing. In year 2000-2001 it was held in two villages. The success and enthusiasm was beyond expectations. In fact many villagers were flabbergasted seeing Class IV girls and boys conducting the total proceedings. In 2001-2002 this was held in all the 3 villages where Swanirvar has its primary schools. Meanwhile Swanirvar has been trying to build all kinds of "connections" with the govt. school system locally. This year (2010-11) Swanirvar had organized 12 Sahitya Sabhas in its own Primary schools and also had organized 10 such events in Govt Primary schools.

From, 2001, Swanirvar’s teachers had taken a number of trainings on composing ‘poetry, poems and short stories, makings stories from pictures and movies, etc. They got trainings from Shikshamitra and other famous organizations. After the trainings, the teachers had guided their students to write their feelings. Getting enthusiasm, the students composed their own stories, poems etc and presented these in the Sahitya Sabhas. Gradually, some of our students made remarkable progress in their writings!! Most of them had shown their creativities in high schools, too.
          Musumi Parveen, studied in our primary school at Chandalati(1999-2005). She wrote many poems and short stories and was a regular performer of sahitya sabha. Presently, she is in class X and is very famous in her school for her excellent writing and debating abilities. Most of the time, she represent her school in the inter school debate and short speech competition. She is also a regular article writer of local magazines.
         Avishekh Mondal, Diya Mondal, Mamul Hassan, Milan Halder, Sardhendu Chatterjee, Mijanur Hossain, Piyali Biswas etc ( our ex students of Fatullapur Primary and Magurkhali Primary) are doing well in their schools.
         They are not scoring highest marks in their classes. But, they are topper in debate, painting, drama and writing articles and composing poetry sessions.

Reported by:
Prosanto Mondal
Supervisor, Primary

Saturday, February 26, 2011

Cross review visit 2010-11

Last year, 17 Govt. teachers came for a peer review process to see what we are doing in our schools and they were highly pleased and praised us. This year 25 SSK teachers, 35 NGO-teachers and 6 Govt. teachers came to visit our primary schools as well as some of our partner Govt. schools where we are continuously providing our inputs in the form trainings, workshops and seminars. They took extensive notes and gave their opinions in the meeting on the classroom management and pedagogy (Bengali, Maths, English and EVS).They saw group works, classroom management, use of TLMs, teacher’s work plans, assembly, children’s committees and their roles, l village maps making and question-answer sessions.
          This year, 112 teachers and officials from Govt Primary, SSK and NGO ( BSSK, South 24 Parganas, Pradan, Purulia, Goal funded Right Track) run Schools came to visit Swanirvar’s schools.
           After visiting the schools they all sat together at Swanirvar to discuss everything they had seen. They also discussed all family and school relationships, teacher’s attitude towards weak children and classroom management. The visiting teachers suggested for some changes and praised this new system. Two of them wanted to implement the Swanirvar’s process in their own schools.

Reported By,
Prosanto Mondal,
Supervisor, Swanirvar

Friday, February 25, 2011

Field Trip to Taragunia Mintu Park,Baduria 2010-11

        The Field Trip is an important annual event in Swanirvar schools. Every year both teachers and students sit together to discuss where they would go for their field visit. They discussed about the group works that the students would carry out at that trip. This year they decided that the students of class I&II would visit their local area and the students of class III &IV would visit Taragunia Mintu Park .The visiting places are mentioned below. So, 382 students of our schools visited Taragunia Mintu Park, Rudrapur Park and Gangarati Bill with their teachers.
        The students of Class I& II (from Andharmanik and Chandalati schools) went to Rudrapur Park and Gangerati respectively. There they played sports games for about one and a half hours. After that they made charts showing living and non-living things, diesel cars and petrol cars, the collection and analysis of leaves and floating and sinking things. Next the students drew group pictures following a discussion among the group members. The students (I &II) of Fatullapur went to Taragunia Mintu Park and did the same work.
        The students (III and IV) of all the above villages and Matia went to Taragunia mintu Park. They enjoyed the swings, slides, a small zoo and the boating pond. They visited an interesting museum in the park. Then they drew different types of pictures.
Lastly they took a delicious picnic lunch at the Park.After that they were busy chatting among themselves and explored the Park one more time before returning home.   

Reported by,
Prosanto Mondal,
Primary Supervisor.